INSTITUTE OF PHILIPPINE CULTURE’S STUDY ON PHILIPPINE VALUES

Filipino values are, for the most part, centered at maintaining social harmony,motivated primarily by the desire to be accepted within a group. The main section against diverging from the values are the concepts of “hiya” , roughly translated as “ a sense of shame”, and ” Amor propio” or “self- esteem“. social approval, acceptance by a group, and belonging to a group are major concerns. Caring about what others will think, say or do, are strong influences on social behavior among Filipinos.

According to the anthropologist Leonardo Mercado, the Filipino worldview is basically “nondualistic“. Based on his linguistic analyses of Filipino value terms like loob (cebuano buot), he concludes that filipinos desire harmony, not only in interpersonal relationships, but also with nature and religion, while still remaining nondichotomous.


Enumeration of Filipino Values:

  1. Pakikipagkapwa-tao

this is the shared sense of identity and consciousness of the “other”. Ito and pagtatanggap at pakikitungo sa ibang tao bilang kapantay, katulad. It is treating others with the respect and dignity as an equal- not someone below the individual.

2. Family Orientation 

this value is the importance given to the basic unit of a Filipino life- the family. Unlike in Western countries, Filipino upon turning the age of 18, are not expected to move out of their parents’ home and get a place to himself/herserf. when a Filipino’s parent are old and cannot take care of themselves, they are very rarely brought by their children to homes for the agent, and often this practices is looked down upon. Family lunches with the whole clan with up to 50 people, that extend until the line of second cousins ar enot unusual. The Filipino puts a great emphasis on the value of family and bening close to one’s family members.

3. Hospitality

Hospitality refers to the relationship between guest and the host. the host entertain and give comfort to the guest while staying in house of the host.

4. Joy and Humour (biro).

This famous trait is the ability of filipino to find humour in everything. It sheds light on the optimism and positivity of filipinos in whatever situation they are in so as to remain determined in going through struggles or challenges. It serve as a coping technique, the same way a child who has fallen laughs at himself/herself to hide his/her embarrassment

5. Flexibility, Adaptability, Creativity

studies show that Filipinos often have an aversion to a set of standardised rules or procedures; they are known to follow a Natural Clock or Organic sense of time doing things in the time they feel is right. They are present-oriented; which means that one attends to a task or requirement at the time as it needed and does not worry much about future engagement . this allows the filipino to adopt and be flexible in doing the tasks at times not bound to a particular schedule or timeframe. this allows them think on their feet and be creative in facing whatever challenge or task they have even when it is already right in front of them.

6. Faith and Religiosity

the philippines is approximately 92.5 percent christian ( mostly Roman Catholic) , 5.6 percent muslim, and 1.9 percent “other” religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of chinese and the “indigenous” animistic belief of some peoples in upland areas that resisted 300 years of spanish colonial rule.

7. Ability to survive

The filipinos as a people have been constantly under the rule of numerous powerful countries has over time, developed a sense of Resourcefulness or the ability to survive with whatever they have. they have the extraordinary ability to make something about of basically nothing. Give a filipino a screw driver, plastiv bags, and some tape- someway, somehow he will build you a bird tree, given that you allow him to scrap some other surrounding material.

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